1991 in video gaming

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Console hardware releases[edit | edit source]

Nintendo[edit | edit source]

While Nintendo initially dominated the market with its' 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System, released in 1985, SEGA gained momentum when its' 16-bit Genesis machine hit the market in 1988. Facing loss of marketshare and an aging console, Nintendo reluctantly designed a new machine. Ten months after the Super Famicom was released in Japan, Nintendo replaced the Nintendo Entertainment System with the SNES in America. The system, which would go on to sell over 49 million units worldwide, included Super Mario World and retailed for US$199.

Notable software releases[edit | edit source]

Unknown dates:

The mega-popular fighting series receives an overhaul.

March:

The fourth Space Quest adventure sees Roger Wilco travel in time, both back to a prior game in the series and forward to a fictional future game.

June:

A fast-paced side-scrolling platformer, Sonic was designed as Sega's new mascot to steal thunder from rival Nintendo's Mario character.

July:

This Japanese RPG finds Cecil Harvey uncovering a plot to steal the Crystals of the world.

August:

The wildly-popular city-building simulation receives a release for the new home console.
New to the classic Mario series were Yoshi and the Super Feather, a Raccoon Suit-like powerup giving Mario a cape and allowing him to fly.
Shadow Warriors was the European release of Ninja Gaiden.
The final chapter of the Super Mario Bros. saga to grace the NES is released in Europe.

November:

Beat 'em up action on the go was the focus of this Sega release.
A spin-off of Golden Axe, this hybrid adventure/action RPG was seen as a refined clone of Zelda II, featuring random battles with a side-scrolling perspective.

Video game releases[edit | edit source]

Name Release Date Category Region(s) Platform(s)
1941: Counter Attack August 23, 1991 Video Game Japan PC Engine SuperGrafx
1943 Kai March 22, 1991 Video Game Japan PC Engine
64th Street: A Detective Story 1991 Video Game North America Arcade
64th Street: A Detective Story 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
688 Attack Sub 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Abrams Battle Tank 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Acrobat Mission 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
Action 52 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
ActRaiser November, 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Advanced Dungeons and Dragons: Heroes of the Lance 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Advanced Dungeons and Dragons: Heroes of the Lance March 8, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Adventure Island II February, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Adventure Island II April 26, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Adventures of Lolo February 21, 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Adventures of Lolo 2 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Adventures of Lolo 3 September, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Ah Eikou No Koshien April, 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
Al Unser Jr.'s Turbo Racing 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Aldynes February 23, 1991 Video Game Japan SuperGrafx
Alien Breed 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Alien Storm 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Alien Storm June 28, 1991 Video Game Japan Genesis
Andre Panza Kick Boxing 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Arctic Adventure October 9, 1991 Video Game North America DOS
Arcus Odyssey June 14, 1991 Video Game Mega Drive
Arcus Odyssey June 14, 1991 Video Game Genesis
Arcus Odyssey June 14, 1991 Video Game Sharp X68000
Armadillo August 9, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Attack of the Killer Tomatoes 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Avenging Spirit 1991 Video Game International Arcade
Ax Battler 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Bakushou!! Jinsei Gekijou 3 December 20, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Barbie December 31, 1991 Video Game Nintendo Entertainment System Undefined
Bart Simpson's Escape from Camp Deadly 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Base Wars June, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Baseball Stars Professional July 1, 1991 Video Game International Neo Geo AES
Batman: Revenge of the Joker December 20, 1991 Video Game North America NES
BattleGrid October 31, 1991 Video Game International Microsoft Windows
Battletoads June, 1991 Video Game North America NES
Battletoads 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Battletoads December 20, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Beetlejuice 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Blade Master 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Blaster Master April 25, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Blaster Master Jr. 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Blaster Master Jr. August 23, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Bomberman (1990) 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Bomberman II 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Bomberman II June 28, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Bonk's Revenge 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Bonk's Revenge July 18, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Bubble Bobble 1991 Video Game Europe GB
Bubble Bobble March, 1991 Video Game North America GB
Bubblegum Crash December 6, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
California Games 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Captain America and the Avengers 1991 Video Game North America Arcade
Captain America and the Avengers December, 1991 Video Game North America NES
Captain Commando 1991 Video Game North America Arcade
Captain Commando November, 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
Castlevania II: Belmont's Revenge August, 1991 Video Game North America GameBoy
Castlevania II: Belmont's Revenge July 12, 1991 Video Game Japan Game Boy
Chase H.Q. 1991 Video Game North America Master System, Game Gear
Chip 'N Dale: Rescue Rangers December 12, 1991 Video Game Europe NES
Circus Lido April 6, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Cobra II: Densetsu no Otoko June 7, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Cocoron 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Columns 1991 Video Game North America Game Gear
Columns March 29, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
CuBiC 1991 Video Game International Microsoft Windows
D. D. Crew June, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Darkman 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Dead Moon 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Death Race 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Defender of the Crown July 25, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Defender of the Crown 1991 Video Game Europe Atari ST
Dick Tracy (1991) 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy, Nintendo Entertainment System
Dr. Mario July 27, 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Dragon Egg September 27, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Dragon Saber December 27, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Drakkhen 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Duke Nukem July 1, 1991 Video Game North America DOS
Earth Defense Force 1991 Video Game North America Arcade
Earth Defense Force October 25, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Eliminator Boat Duel November, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Eye of the Beholder 1991 Video Game North America DOS
F-Zero August 31, 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Factory Panic 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Factory Panic June 21, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Fatal Fury: King of Fighters November 19, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Final Fantasy Adventure 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy
Final Fantasy IV 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Final Fantasy IV July 19, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Final Fantasy IV Easy Type October 29, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Final Fantasy Legend II November 1, 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy
Final Fantasy Legend III December 13, 1991 Video Game Japan Game Boy
Final Soldier July 5, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Fire Hawk 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Flying Warriors February, 1991 Video Game North America NES
Fortified Zone 1991 Video Game Europe GB
Fortified Zone September, 1991 Video Game North America GB
Fortified Zone February 26, 1991 Video Game Japan GB
FreeCell 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Fuji Golf 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Galaxy Force II August 12, 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Game Boy Wars 1991 Video Game Japan Game Boy
Gateway to the Savage Frontier 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Genji Tsuushin Amedama December 13, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Gobliiins 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Godzilla: Monster of Monsters! 1991 Video Game Europe NES
Golden Axe II December 26, 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Golden Axe II December 27, 1991 Video Game Japan Mega Drive
Golden Axe Warrior 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Golf Grand Slam August 27, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Golf Grand Slam January 31, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Gradius November 15, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Hal's Hole in One Golf September, 1991 Video Game North America SNES
Hal's Hole in One Golf February 23, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Hana Taka Daka August 9, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Hangman (1991) 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Hiryuu no Ken Special: Fighting Wars 1991 Video Game Japan Family Computer
Home Alone 1991 Video Game Europe Amiga
Home Alone 1991 Video Game North America MS-DOS
Home Alone October, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Home Alone November, 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy
Home Alone December, 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Hyperoid 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Impossamole 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Inindo: Way of the Ninja 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
JigSawed 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Joe & Mac December 31, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
John Madden Football '92 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
John Madden Football II 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Kid Icarus: Of Myths and Monsters November, 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy
Klotski 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
L'Empereur May 23, 1991 Video Game Japan NES
Lagoon December 12, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Legend of Hero Tonma 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Legend of Hero Tonma March 13, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Leisure Suit Larry 5: Passionate Patti Does a Little Undercover Work 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Lemmings 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Life and Death II: The Brain 1991 Video Game North America DOS
Life Force December 6, 1991 Video Game Japan PC Engine
LifeGenesis 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Little Ninja Brothers 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
Mashou Denki La Valeur March 22, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Mega Man: Dr. Wily's Revenge December, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Mega Man: Dr. Wily's Revenge July 26, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Mermaids of Atlantis 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Metal Slader Glory August 30, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Metal Storm February, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Metroid II: Return of Samus November, 1991 Video Game North America Game Boy
Monopoly (series) 1991 Series Undefined Undefined
Neutopia II 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Neutopia II September 27, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Niko Niko Pun December 13, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Ninja Gaiden August 15, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Ninja Gaiden (Game Gear) 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Ninja Gaiden III: The Ancient Ship of Doom August, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Ninja Gaiden III: The Ancient Ship of Doom June 21, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Obocchama-Kun March 15, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Off the Wall (1991) 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Operation C February, 1991 Video Game North America GB
Operation C January 8, 1991 Video Game GB Undefined
Operation: Desert Storm November, 1991 Video Game North America Mac OS
Override January 8, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Parasol Stars: The Story of Bubble Bobble III 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Parasol Stars: The Story of Bubble Bobble III February 15, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Parodius Da! -Shinwa kara Owarai e- April 5, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Parodius Da! -Shinwa kara Owarai e- April 19, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Pilotwings 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Pipe Dream 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Pipe Mania 1991 Video Game International Windows 3.1
Pollux 1991 Video Game Asia Arcade
Populous April 5, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Power League 4 August 9, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Pro Yakyuu World Stadium '91 March 21, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Puzzle Boy February 22, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Quackshot December, 1991 Video Game Europe Mega Drive
Quackshot December 19, 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Quackshot December 20, 1991 Video Game Japan Master System
Quattro Adventure January, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Raiden 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16, SNES
Raiden November 22, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Rampage 2: Universal Tour May 21, 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo 64
Rance 3 October, 1991 Video Game Japan Undefined
RattlerRace 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Rodent's Revenge 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Shatterhand December, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Shatterhand October 26, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Shining in the Darkness 1991 Video Game Europe Mega Drive
Shining in the Darkness August 6, 1991 Video Game North America Mega Drive
Shining in the Darkness 1991 Video Game Australia Mega Drive
Shining in the Darkness March 29, 1991 Video Game Japan Mega Drive
Shinobi 1991 Video Game North America Game Gear
Shockman April 26, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Shougi Shoshinsha Muyou November 29, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Sid Meier's Civilization 1991 Video Game North America DOS, Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Silent Debuggers 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Silent Debuggers March 29, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Sinistron 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
SkiFree 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Smart Ball December, 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Smart Ball September 13, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Solstice: The Quest for the Staff of Demnos September 26, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Solvalou 1991 Video Game Japan Namco System 2
Sonic the Hedgehog (16-bit) June 23, 1991 Video Game Europe Mega Drive
Sonic the Hedgehog (16-bit) June 23, 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Sonic the Hedgehog (16-bit) July 26, 1991 Video Game Japan Mega Drive
Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit) October 25, 1991 Video Game Europe Master System
Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit) December, 1991 Video Game Europe Game Gear
Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit) October 25, 1991 Video Game North America Master System
Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit) December, 1991 Video Game North America Game Gear
Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit) December 28, 1991 Video Game Japan Game Gear
Space Harrier 1991 Video Game Europe Game Gear
Space Harrier 1991 Video Game North America Game Gear
Space Harrier December 28, 1991 Video Game Japan Game Gear
Space Quest IV: Roger Wilco and the Time Rippers 1991 Video Game North America DOS
Star Control 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Stones 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Street Fighter II: The World Warrior 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
Super Castlevania IV December, 1991 Video Game North America Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Castlevania IV October 31, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Super Mario Bros. 3 August 29, 1991 Video Game Europe NES
Super Mario World August 23, 1991 Video Game North America SNES
Super Metal Crusher November 29, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
Super Ninja Boy December 28, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Super Spy Hunter September 27, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Tank Force December, 1991 Video Game Japan Arcade
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
TetraVex 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
The Addams Family 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
The Adventures of Rad Gravity May 30, 1991 Video Game Europe Nintendo Entertainment System
The Adventures of Rad Gravity 1991 Video Game Australia Nintendo Entertainment System
The Bard's Tale November, 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
The King of Dragons August 5, 1991 Video Game International Arcade
The Legend of The Mystical Ninja July 17, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past November 21, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
The Simpsons Arcade Game March 4, 1991 Video Game North America Undefined
The Simpsons: Bart vs. the World 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
ThunderFox 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
Time Traveler 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Titan March 15, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
ToeJam & Earl 1991 Video Game Europe Genesis
ToeJam & Earl 1991 Video Game North America Genesis
TriPeaks 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Trolls in Crazy Land 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Tut's Tomb 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
TV Sports Hockey 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx-16
Ultraman: Towards the Future (video game) 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Ultraman: Towards the Future (video game) April 6, 1991 Video Game Japan Super Famicom
Uncharted Waters 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System, MSX
Uno (1999) 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
Vapor Trail: Hyper Offence Formation 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Wacky Races (1991) December 25, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Where in Time is Carmen Sandiego? 1991 Video Game North America Nintendo Entertainment System
Whomp 'Em 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Wonder Boy III: The Dragon's Trap 1991 Video Game North America TurboGrafx 16
Wonder Boy III: The Dragon's Trap April 19, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine
WordZap 1991 Video Game North America Microsoft Windows
WWF WrestleFest June, 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
X-Men II: The Fall of the Mutants 1991 Video Game Japan DOS
Yo Bro 1991 Video Game Undefined Undefined
Yoshi (NES) December 14, 1991 Video Game Japan Famicom
Ys I: Ancient Ys Vanished July 19, 1991 Video Game Japan X68000
Zero4 Champ March 8, 1991 Video Game Japan PC-Engine

Hardware releases[edit | edit source]

Name Release Date Category Region(s)
CD-i 1991 Home Console North America
Game Gear 1991 Handheld Console Europe
Game Gear 1991 Handheld Console North America
Game Gear 1991 Handheld Console Australia
Mega-CD December 1, 1991 Peripheral Japan
Super Nintendo Entertainment System August 13, 1991 Home Console United States