As of 12/21, the former Encyclopedia Gamia has been redirected to this wiki, which is now the definitive wiki for this topic. To see more about this change, read more here.

Panafacom

From Codex Gamicus
Jump to: navigation, search
Panafacom MN1610

Panafacom (currently PFU) was a conglomerate of the Japanese companies—formed by Fujitsu, Fuji Electric and the Matsushita Group on July 2, 1973. They developed one of the first commercially available 16-bit microprocessors, the MN1610.[1][2][3][4] Released in 1975, it was "the world's first 16-bit microcomputer on a single chip" according to Fujitsu.[2]

The PANAFACOM Lkit-16 was a learning kit released in March 1977 to popularize the first 16-bit single-chip microcomputer. The microcomputer was equipped with the first 16-bit parallel high-performance single-chip processor (*1), developed by PANAFACOM in 1975.[4]

This processor provided better cost performance than conventional 8-bit microcomputers with its enhanced speed (about 200%) and reduced memory usage (about 60%). The unique features of the Lkit-16 were: (1) a simplified keyboard for assembler input, (2) console functions that allowed easy debugging, and (3) a built-in audio cassette interface for data I/O. Through a simplified program input by a one-step assembler and implementation of Tiny BASIC that was popular among microcomputer users at that time, the Lkit-16 greatly contributed to the expansion of computer knowledge from would-be engineers to amateur users who were interested in microcomputers. Main unit price was \98,000.Main specifications:- CPU: MN1610 (clock rate of 2 MHz, 16-bit parallel processing)- ROM: 1KW (maximum 2KW)- RAM: 0.5KW (maximum 1KW)- I/O port: MN1630- Other specifications: Equipped with an audio cassette interface*1[4]

This processor was developed by PANAFACOM in 1975, around the same time that the 16-bit single-chip type processor was first introduced to the world.[4]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 16-bit Microprocessors. CPU Museum. Retrieved on 5 October 2010
  2. 2.0 2.1 History. PFU. Retrieved on 5 October 2010
  3. Panafacom 1613 Processors. Ukcpu.net. Retrieved on 5 October 2010
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 PANAFACOM Lkit-16, Information Processing Society of Japan