The Seljuks were a Turkic horde whose name comes from their founder Seljuk. After the victory over the Ghaznavids in 1040 CE they created their own state. In 1055 CE the Seljuks took Baghdad, and their leader Tughril Beg took the title sultan. The Seljuks are famous for the defeat they inflicted upon the Byzantines at the battle of Manzikert in 1071. After the collapse of the Great Seljuk Empire in the 12th century the Seljuks continued to rule in the Sultanate of Rum, which would later form the basis of the Ottoman Turks.
This page was last edited on 26 January 2019, at 15:02.
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